Benedetto Croce (Pescasseroli 1866 – Naples 1952), philosopher and historian of great personality, is the most famous modern man of learning from Abruzzo. Although considered Neapolitan for adoption, he had deep family and birth roots in Abruzzo. He was related to other eminent personalities from Abruzzo such as Bertrando and Silvio Spaventa. The latter became his tutor when the young Croce lost his parents in an earthquake in Ischia.
His cult of Liberty made him a natural opponent of dictatorships, and, for his intellectual stature, became a reference point for all the European culture that disliked the Nazi-fascism. He had prominent positions in politics, but his commitment was never complete because he never abandoned his theoretical studies.