Gabriele D’Annunzio was born in Pescara on 12th March 1863. Nicknamed Vate, or prophet, he distinguished himself as poet, writer, soldier and Italian politician, considered a symbol of Decadent movement and a war hero. In 1919, at the head of his “legionaries”, he occupied the today Croatian town of Fiume, which was not assigned to Italy by the allied winner powers after WWI.
The deed of Fiume fulfilled D’Annunzio’s personal myth as a “superman”. After Rapallo treaty in 1920, the Italian government ousted by force the legionaries from Fiume. D’Annunzio complained about the decision and became a Fascism forerunner by his slogan “maimed victory”. He lived his childhood and teens in Pescara, where his house is today a museum, Francavilla al Mare (friend of the photographer and painter Francesco Paolo Michetti) and Ortona–San Vito, where his “hermitage” was located. He died in his villa in Gardone Riviera, named Vittoriale degli Italiani, on 1st March 1938.
His main novels are: Virgin land (1882), The pleasure (1889), Giovanni Episcopo (1891), The innocent (1892), The triumph of Death (1894), Virgins of the rocks (1895), The novels of Pescara (1902), Maybe yes maybe not (1910), Nocturnal (1916). His main poem collections are: Primo Vere (1879), Canto novo (1882), Paradisiac poem (1893), Alcyone (1903), Praise to the sky, the sea, the land and the heroes (1903-1912). D’Annunzio is also famous as a playwright with his: Dead city and Gioconda (1899), Francesca da Rimini (1901), Iorio’s daughter (1903), La fiaccola sotto il moggio (1905), The ship (1908), Le martyre de Saint Sébastien (1911).